5 Nontoxic Methods for Killing Weeds That Really Work


Weeds are everywhere — lawns, parks, roadsides, driveways, my garden, even busting their way through asphalt and cracks in sidewalks. Weeds thrive without fertilizer, love arid conditions and require no care or attention. If you don’t want weeds to take over your garden, yard or neighborhood, you need a reliable and inexpensive way to take them out.

There are a number of effective ways to kill weeds. Some involve chemicals or require digging. The problem with chemical weed killers is they aren’t always effective, and they can be expensive and cause health problems. Sure, digging is always an option, but now we’re talking heavy tools and a lot of sweat. I say we look to nonchemical, cheap and relatively easy ways to kill weeds that really work.

Before we get going here, let me make clear that these weed-killing options are generally nonselective. That means they will kill whatever vegetation they touch, including lawn grass. Depending on the area and what you are trying to accomplish — say walking paths, driveways or sidewalks — that may not sound so bad. Be wise; use these options carefully. Make sure to always label homemade solutions and keep them out of the reach of children and pets.

VINEGAR

A vinegar solution is one of the most common homemade weed killers. All you need is vinegar — distilled white vinegar, apple cider vinegar or cleaning vinegar — and a bit of dishwashing liquid like Blue Dawn.

U.S. Department of Agriculture researchers confirmed that acetic acid in vinegar is effective at killing some common weed species, including Canada thistle, lamb’s quarters, giant foxtail, velvetleaf and smooth pigweed.

To be the most effective, the acetic acid concentration in the vinegar should be above 11% to burn and kill the plant. The dishwashing liquid acts as a surfactant to help the vinegar cling to the weed’s surface longer.

Distilled white vinegar found in supermarkets is weak at 5% acidity, and while it will work to kill weeds, it takes longer and may require re-treating. “Cleaning vinegar” is typically 30% acidity, depending on the brand, and assures your weed-killing labor is not in vain. You can find cleaning vinegar in home improvement stores and also online.

Add about 1 tablespoon Blue Dawn per gallon of vinegar (you can eyeball it) and shake to mix. Pour undiluted vinegar into a large spray bottle or garden sprayer. Apply when the weather report says you’ll be getting a few continuous days of sunshine. Rain will wash the vinegar off the weeds too soon. Most of the damage happens when the sun hits the weeds’ leaves. Spray directly onto the weeds, being careful to keep the solution away from other plants.

ULTRA BLUE DAWN

Dawn dish soap weed killer is a popular choice for many gardeners because it is effective and safe. It works by breaking down the plant’s cell walls, causing the plant to dehydrate and die. It is especially effective as a moss killer.

For a general weed killer, mix 1 cup of Ultra Blue Dawn dish soap with 2 cups of water in a spray bottle. Shake well and spray on weeds, being careful to avoid overspraying onto plants you want to live. Be sure to spray on a sunny day so that the weeds will dry out quickly. Reapply as necessary.

To kill moss, especially those ugly patches in the lawn, mix 4 ounces of Ultra Dawn dish soap with 1 gallon of water in a sprayer and apply directly to the moss; it will turn brown and die within a week or so. Moss can be tricky to eliminate, and the conditions causing its presence need to be altered, but with an old recipe like dish soap and water, moss can be dealt with safely and cheaply.

RUBBING ALCOHOL

Rubbing (isopropyl) alcohol works to kill weeds as it removes moisture from the weed’s foliage, causing it to die. Use 2 tablespoons of rubbing alcohol for every 1 quart of water. Mix the solution in a spray bottle for ease of use. As with vinegar, apply on a sunny day and spray directly onto the weeds, being careful to avoid vegetation, plants and flowers that you want to live.

BOILING WATER

Here is the cheapest of all nontoxic, effective weed killers. And it’s easy to prepare and use — no mixing required, and it works on a sunny day as well as in the middle of the night — even in the pouring rain.

Carefully pour enough boiling water on the leaves so it seeps deep into the roots. It’s helpful to use a kettle with a spout to target the unwanted weed. I use my electric kettle plugged into a heavy-duty extension cord. I set this right near the area I’ll be killing weeds, which means I don’t have to carry it from the kitchen. For this to be effective, the water needs to be boiling hot.

This is a weed-killing method best accomplished when there are no pets or children anywhere nearby.

PROPANE TORCH

While not a home brew recipe, hitting weeds with a torch is certainly effective and similar to boiling water for killing weeds — roots and all. If you have large areas of weeds, this is much more efficient than heating up multiple kettles of water, making a big job more doable in a short period of time. The long handle means you can kill weeds without stooping. A word to the wise: Use extreme caution when using this tool on windy days, in dry conditions or in brushy areas.

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